What Is Multiple Sclerosis?

Multiple SclerosisEssentially, multiple sclerosis is a diseased condition which tends to affect the spinal cord, brain and even the optic nerves connecting the eye. It is extremely dangerous as the effects are pretty much long lasting and can wreak havoc in daily functioning of the human body especially in areas that depend on the optic nerves, spinal cord and the brain. Therefore, it can cause problems when it comes to seeing, balancing the body and even muscle control.

The exact cause that leads to the onset and severing of Multiple Sclerosis still remains a mystery and doctors are constantly working out what the reason might be. However, they do know the things that can add on to the existing condition making it worse.

It would be safe to say that multiple sclerosis could also be genetic and in any case can be aggravated due to smoking.

Some doctors are of the opinion that a serious viral infection could open up pathways to contracting multiple sclerosis as the body’s immunity system is completely rattled up during a virus attack to the body. However, the doctors are not a hundred percent sure about this.

1. Types Of Multiple Sclerosis:

When it comes to multi sclerosis, there are four different kinds that you should be aware of in order to be able to take the right corrective measures and get the right treatment at the earliest.


These different kinds of multiple sclerosis have been named as per their properties and the way they affect the human body.

i. Primary Progressive Multiple Sclerosis:
This has also been abbreviated as PPMS and is a kind of multiple sclerosis that is not often found in the human body. It occurs very rarely in individuals, nearly 10% if it were to be converted into a numerical stat. What PPMS does is that makes the conditions even worse and adds on to the issues of existing multiple sclerosis without any hopes or possibility of relapses.

ii. Secondary Progressive Multiple Sclerosis:
SPMS as it is called in short, is almost similar to PPMS however, the symptoms begin to take a turn for the worse in a gradual manner with very low possibility of remission or a relapse. Although it is not a given but in most cases of multiple sclerosis, an individual is likely to reach the stage of SPMS from Relapsing – Remitting Multiple Sclerosis.

iii. Relapsing – Remitting Multiple Sclerosis:
This is the kind of multiple sclerosis that is found most commonly among the individuals who suffer from multicle sclerosis.

Abbreviated as RRMS, this kind of multiple sclerosis sees nearly 85 % people suffering from it and is characterized by relapses and flare ups every time a new symptom begins to show.

iv. Progressive Relapsing Multiple Sclerosis:
This again is a very rare form of multiple sclerosis that occurs in just about 5% people where gradually it makes the condition of the sclerosis even worse than what it had been in the beginning. People suffering from PRMS can experience sharp relapses without any remissions. Besides, whether a person suffering from this kind of sclerosis can fully recover cannot be stated.

2. Multiple Sclerosis Symptoms:

When it comes to multiple sclerosis, the symptoms are very evident and therefore, pointing out to the problem becomes a lot easier since there are no symptoms to deeply decipher. Given below are some of the symptoms that you should look out for either for yourself or loved ones to track down the disease at the very beginning and get immediate medical help and treatment.

i. Problems With Vision:
This is perhaps, one of the most common and the easiest way to know if you could be suffering from multiple sclerosis. You will tend to see things that are either blurred or double or simple devoid of any contrast or vividness. While this symptom may take some time to show up, always notice if you feel pain in your eyes when you try to move them up or sideways.

ii. Muscle Spasms:
If you feel constant muscle spasms tearing away at your legs from the inside then that too could be a telling sign of multiple sclerosis. The pain is often uncontrollable and occurs one too many times throughout the day.

iii. Feeling Dizzy And Weak Constantly:
If you find yourself struggling with balance issues or feeling constantly dizzy as if you were on a roller coaster you may want to get yourself checked for multiple sclerosis. This combined with fatigue throughout the day despite getting good sleep throughout the night could be because of multiple sclerosis.

iv. Depression And Anxiety Attacks:
These are some of the emotional symptoms that you are likely to see if you were to suffer from multiple sclerosis. If you suffer from extreme mood swings and stay depressed and alone all the time coupled with the aforementioned symptoms then it would be best to visit your doctor and get yourself checked.

3. Multiple Sclerosis Treatment:

Although there is no fixed treatment for multiple sclerosis at this given point, the multiple sclerosis prognosis is consistently in progress. There are, however, some other kinds of treatments that may help keep the condition under control and help your body function in a better manner. There are certain drugs that your doctor is likely to recommend which will slow down the growth and severity of Multiple Sclerosis in your body. In addition to this, it is also a common practice for doctors to use steroids to lower the severity of the attacks.

While the drugs help to keep your internal system working well, a physical therapist helps you keep your body and balance issues in good condition. This helps immensely to curb your fatigue. Yoga is an excellent way to keep yourself and your body slightly relaxed as it will also help drive away your depression and anxiety.